The shoulder has a wide and versatile range of motion. When something goes wrong with your shoulder, it hampers your ability to move freely and can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort. The shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint that has three main bones: the humerus (long, upper-arm bone), the clavicle (collarbone) and the scapula (shoulder blade). These bones are cushioned by a layer of cartilage.
The elbow is the joint where the three bones of your arm meet in the middle. The bone of the upper arm (humerus) meets the inner bone of the forearm (ulna) and the outer bone of the forearm (radius) to form a hinge joint at the olecranon (elbow). The radius and ulna also meet at the elbow to allow for rotation of the forearm. The elbow functions to move the forearm like a hinge (forward and backward) and in rotation (twisting outward and inward).
The hand is an anatomically complex structure that contains 27 bones, 34 muscles and all the ligaments and tendons that attach. The joints in the hand allow for strong, repetitive movements, but this makes them susceptible to injury. Diagnosing hand injuries can be difficult, but it is important to get an accurate diagnosis for proper healing.
Wrist pain can be caused by disease or injury affecting any aspect of the wrist joint, including the bones, ligaments and tendons surrounding the area. Pain is a symptom of joint inflammation (arthritis) that may occur in the wrist. Repetitive-motion injuries can cause pain in the wrist and hand.
Your hip is the joint where your thigh bone (femur) meets your pelvis. Hips are called ball-and-socket joints because the ball-like top of your femur moves within a cup-like space in your pelvis. Your hips are very stable joints, and when they are healthy, it takes great force to hurt them. However, playing sports, running, overuse or falling can all lead to hip injuries.
Knee pain is caused by trauma, misalignment and degeneration as well as conditions like arthritis. Particularly in older people, knee pain frequently arises due to osteoarthritis. In addition, weakening of tissues around the knee may contribute to the problem. In sports that place great pressure on the knees, especially with twisting forces, it is common to tear cartilage or one or more ligaments.
Ankle pain is often due to an ankle sprain but can also be caused by ankle instability, arthritis, gout, tendinitis, fracture, nerve compression, infection or poor structural alignment of the leg or foot. Ankle pain can be associated with swelling, stiffness, redness and warmth in the involved area. The pain is often described as an intense dull ache that occurs upon weight bearing and ankle motion.
Your foot is an intricate network of bones, ligaments, tendons and muscles. Your foot is strong enough to bear your body weight, but can easily be prone to injury and pain. When this happens, look no further than Orthopaedics, P.C. Pain can affect any part of your foot – from your toes, to your arch, to the Achilles tendon at the back of your heel.
Whether you recently suffered a sudden trauma, a sports injury or just have chronic pain, joint pain does does not discriminate. If you are experiencing joint pain of any kind, let us help you here at Orthopaedics, P.C. We have a team of people who want the best, pain-free life for you. Dr. Pruitt specializes in hip and knee arthroscopy, sports medicine and joint replacement. With over 20 years of experience, Dr. Pruitt is invested in keeping his patients healthy and active.